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Neonatal and Long-Term Consequences of Fetal Growth Restriction

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Marina Colella*, Alice Frérot, Aline Rideau Batista Novais and Olivier Baud   Pages 212 - 218 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) is one of the most common noxious antenatal conditions in humans, inducing a substantial proportion of preterm delivery and leading to a significant increase in perinatal mortality, neurological handicaps and chronic diseases in adulthood. This review summarizes the current knowledge about the postnatal consequences of FGR, with a particular emphasis on the long-term consequences on respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological structures and functions.

Result and Conclusion: FGR represents a global health challenge, and efforts are urgently needed to improve our understanding of the critical factors leading to FGR and subsequent insults to the developing organs.

Keywords:

FGR, maternal malnutrition, neonatal brain injury, long-term handicap, perinatal mortality, diseases.

Affiliation:

University Paris Diderot, Sorbone Paris-Cite, Inserm U1141, Neonatal intensive care unit, Assistance Publique- Hopitaux de Paris, Robert Debre Children's hospital, Paris, University Paris Diderot, Sorbone Paris-Cite, Inserm U1141, Neonatal intensive care unit, Assistance Publique- Hopitaux de Paris, Robert Debre Children's hospital, Paris, University Paris Diderot, Sorbone Paris-Cite, Inserm U1141, Neonatal intensive care unit, Assistance Publique- Hopitaux de Paris, Robert Debre Children's hospital, Paris, University Paris Diderot, Sorbone Paris-Cite, Inserm U1141, Neonatal intensive care unit, Assistance Publique- Hopitaux de Paris, Robert Debre Children's hospital, Paris



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