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Changes in Care- A Systematic Scoping Review of Transitions for Children with Medical Complexities

Author(s):

Tara Mantler*, Kimberley T. Jackson, Jessi Baer, Jenna White, Bridget Ache, Katie Shillington and Nokuzola Ncube   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Background: Children with medical complexity (CMC) and their parents are affected physically and mentally during transitions in care. Coordinated models of care show promise in improving health outcomes.

Objective: The purpose of this scoping review was to examine research related to CMC and their parents and transitions in care. The aim was 3-fold: (1) to examine the extent, range, and nature of research activity related to the impact of transitions on physical and mental health for CMC and their parents; (2) to summarize and disseminate research findings for key knowledge users; and (3) to identify research gaps in the existing literature to inform future studies. Methods. Twenty-three sources were identified through database searches and five articles met the inclusion criteria of CMC (multi-organ involvement or technology- dependent) (or parents of CMC) transitioning from hospital to alternate levels of care where outcome measures were physical or mental health related.

Results: Numerical analysis revealed substantial variation in methodological approaches and outcome measures. Content analysis revealed two themes for parents of CMC during this transition: (1) emotional distress, and (2) high expectations; and three themes for CMC: (1) improved health, (2) changes in emotion, and (3) disrupted relationships.

Conclusion: The findings from this scoping review reveal for parents, transitions in care are fraught with emotional distress and high expectations; and for CMC there are improvements in quality of life and emotional health post- hospital to home transitions when collaborative models of care are available. This review serves as an early attempt to summarize the literature and demonstrate a need for further research.

Keywords:

Children with medical complexity, CMC, Transitions in Care, Physical Health, Mental Health, Caregivers

Affiliation:

School of Health Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Arthur Labatt Family School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, School of Health Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, School of Health Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London



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