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Critical congenital heart disease in neonates: a review article

Author(s):

Amar Taksande* and Patel Zeeshan Jameel  

Abstract:


Critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) are serious malformations which remain to be an important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. The clinical presentations of CCHD are shock, cyanosis or respiratory distress which may be similar to that of other neonatal conditions. Failure to diagnose these conditions early on after birth may result acute cardiovascular collapse and death. Screening with routine pulse oximetry is efficient in distinguishing newborns with CCHD and other hypoxemic illnesses, which may be otherwise be potentially life-threatening. If the cardiovascular system cannot be observed by echocardiography, then treatment with continuous prostaglandin-E1 (PGE1) infusion should be started in any newborn whose condition deteriorates in the first few days of life. This review aims to provide a concise summary on the presentation and management of various CCHDs and to emphasize on the role of timely diagnosis in the management.

Keywords:

Critical, congenital, heart disease, neonate, prostaglandin-E1, ductus arteriosus

Affiliation:

Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra



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