Saeid Bashirian, Mahdieh Seyedi , Katayoon Razjouyan and Ensiyeh Jenabi *
Background: There was a hypothesis that the oxytocin used during labor could increase the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders, such as ASD.
Objective: This meta-analysis pooled all observational studies to obtain the association between labor induction and the risk of ASD among children. We identified all published studies up to August 2020 through PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and gray literature. The pooled odds ratios (OR), relative ratio (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI (were calculated as random effect estimates of association among studies.
Results: The pooled estimates of OR and RR reported a significant association between labor induction and ASD among children, respectively (OR = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.15) and (RR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02 to 1.09). The subgroup analyses were performed based on the adjusted form and design of studies. OR in crude and adjusted studies were reported 1.25(1.01, 1.49) and 1.08(1.02, 1.14), respectively. A significant association was found in adjusted and crude studies. But there is no significant association between labor induction and ASD in case-control studies (OR=1.08, 95% CI = 0.99, 1.17).
Conclusion: The findings showed that labor induction is associated with increased risk of ASD among children. Therefore, the findings support that clinical use of oxytocin during labor has a significant negative impact on the long-term mental health of children.
ASD; Autism; Labor induction; Meta-analysis
Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan